The Walls PDF Print E-mail
The building of the defensive wall to encircle the city has to be dated sometime after 1179, the year of the decree with which Federico I ordered the Bishop of Feltre, Drudo, to move the city to a more elevated and defensible location. Fortified with towers at irregular intervals, the medieval layout is retained and its general progress can be guessed by observing the structure of the buildings and the unevenness of the terrain. The war of 1487 between Austria’s Sigismund and the Republic of Venice forced the city to accept a plan for the modernisation of the defences, in line with the evolution in techniques of siege warfare. The author of the fortification model, which was only partly carried out, was the engineer Dionisio da Viterbo. In 1489, under the podestà Girolamo Cappello, the wall from the Imperial gate to the East medieval tower was built. In 1493, under the podestà Domenico Contarini, the planned semi-circular turret between the Imperial and Pusteria Gates was completed.. In 1494, under Francesco Marcello, the Pusteria Gate and the turret immediately to the right of it were completed. Both the turrets were destroyed sometime between the end of the Eighteenth and the Nineteenth centuries. In 1496 the last section of the wall to the east of the turret up until it joins with the Oria Gate was completed. Finally, in 1502, under the podestà Francesco Bollani, the construction of the walls to the south was completed and the Oria Gate was renovated. After the destruction of 1509-1510 the defensive wall was hurriedly repaired and was from then on only used as an excise and customs barrier.
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